For us, an oddity can be defined as just anything that is slightly or more out of the ordinary. It is something that does not conform with the expectation, what people are used to see or think in every day life.
Some examples of the broad possibilities include: – Frozen movement of an subject in the air – An unusual pose or expression of a model – A photo with a clear intentional tilted angle – A photo taken with the camera not at eye level, how usually things are viewed, but the camera much lower. – Not the subject itself but (also) a recognizable depiction like a reflection or shadow of the subject
The worlds best and famous photos often have one or more oddities in them. As an example the very famous photo ‘Behind the Gare St. Lazare’ of Henri Cartier-Bresson has multiple oddities in it. It is not usual for a street to be flooded. The running man is frozen on the photo, while it is obvious he should be moving. In addition it looks like he is almost walking on the water. Not only the running man is shown, but also an upside down reflection of him.
Oddities can make the viewer curious, consciously or unconsciously. ‘Hey, something strange is going on here, something is not fully normal, but it is not quite obvious what it exactly is.’. It is often quite an achievement to have a fraction of the precious attention of the viewer.
People often don’t see at first glance that you used a low camera position below normal eye level. That might become clear by looking better at your photo for a second time.
Oddities trigger something in the mind. They create tension or leave something to the imagination. A very succesfull oddity can even be intriging. You don’t have to go completely wild and freaky, totaly twisted, or out of the world and cry out loud for attention. But if you want to, you can.
A tremendous range of oddities has already been used in the history of photography. A remarkable photo isn’t only unusual compared to real life, but is also unusual in photography. Find your own style and be creative.
Digital Photography Tutorial Introduction to extremes
Introduction to extremes
We call an extreme anything that far surpasses the standard or what is rare. Not a little, but a lot. Examples of extremes are:
– Not rather high, but dramatically high. – Not a little cold, but excessively cold. – Not some emotion, but abundant emotion. – Not a bit slanting, but 180 degrees. – Not some details, but excessive and sharp details on your photo.
Extremes bring drama or visual impact. They can bring a wow-factor to a photo. They attract attention, so your photo isn’t overlooked easily. And that is an important start for a good and interesting photo.
As opposed to extremes, oddities are only uncommon, or slightly uncommon. An oddity will become simply weird or bizarre when taken to the extreme. Also, extremes don’t have to be an oddity. That fire is hot is not strange and well-known, it’s no oddity. But the very high temperature can be called an extreme.
Now the concept what you can pursue is clear, it should be said there are limits. Standing on the top of the Mount Everest is probably an extreme, but probably you won’t climb it every year. Hunting to photograph a near extinct bird is not advisable and must be discouraged. But capturing a beautifull, but not so common bird in with all the details visible in extreme detail will get warm attention.
It about the mixture of ingredients that makes the photo. Having a photo with not so excessive extremes, but with great lighting, compositon and story will make a lasting classic, worthwhile photo.
Digital Photography Tutorial Landscape photography tips
Landscape photography tips
While most people and animals won’t sit still for a second, landscapes don’t move an inch. That gives you the opportunity to set up a tripod at exactly the right spot, setting it to the right height, take multiple exposures lasting longer than 20 seconds, and control almost everything into perfection. If one exposure would fail miserably with the exposure, indicated by a blinking highlight warning from your camera, just take another shot.
But don’t landscapes change at all? Well, yes they do. First, the light will change during the day. Second, the clouds can make a big difference. A dull scenery, with a cloud moving on for 5 minutes letting the sun shine through the right way, could make vivid spectacle. Third, there could be additional dynamic elements in the picture, like an eagle flying in the air, or a boat tranquilly floating on the river.
Flaws to avoid with landscape photography
1. While a broad view can be interesting, don’t automaticly use a wide angle lens and try to include everything in your photo. Then the really interesting parts of the photo can get lost in the overall picture. Instead choose an interesting part of the scene, and frame your photo accordingly to simplify the photo.
2. If your image wants to convey the beauty of nature, human constructed elements like a shiny red car or a white fence might well spoil the mood. When possible try to get rid of that. Try to find a spot where that traffic sign at the center of the landscape stands right behind a tree, just wait 2 minutes till that red car has driven away. But human elements don’t always have to ruin a landscape photo. Curly roads could be excellent leading lines, and visible human figures walking around can point out the vastness of the scenery.
3. Remember to have the camera horizontal. It is very awkward to have a landscape photo with the horizon tilted.
Oddities in landscape photography
While you probably won’t expect many oddities with landscape picture, in fact there are quite some.
1. Sometimes there are strange objects like dead trees with curling branches. When walking closer they can make a fine foreground. A living tree bending over so much, that let’s the viewer wonder why it hasn’t fall yet, makes a diagonal that brings some dynamic in the image. 2. Weather is of great help with oddities. Mist can create a calm or misterious atmosphere. Mist above a lake can hide the horizon and take away the expected clear distinction line between the lake and the sky. 3. Watch for repetitions in the landscape. 4. Lakes can generate marvoulous reflections of trees and mountains, an unusual rotated extra view of subjects. 5. Normally you can’t see sun beams, but when clouds break, sun beams create an orchestra of diagonals. And of course rainbows are a colourfull addition.
Extremes with landscape photography
When looking for extremes, landscapes are the natural place to be.
1. In freezing winter there is ice on the lakes, heaps of snow making it a drastic different scene. 2. Show the height of mountains, the vastness of a flat landscape. People or objects with familiar size can be used to emphasize the scale of the photo. Besides that they can be used as a focal point. 3. The landscape can also extraordinary parts, like very steep mountains. 4. Ultra wide panoramas with an ultra wide angle lens or by stitching multiple photos together in the digital darkroom gives a fascinating view with giant impact. If you want to stitch multiple photos toghether if there is any tilt to the camera, vertical lines will converge. This will make it very difficult in the digital darkroom. So be sure that your camera is exactly horizontal by using tripod a level attached to the hot shoe of your camera.
Digital Photography Tutorial Baby photography tips
Baby photography tips
They are the most photographed subject in the world. They are cute, they are cuddly. Babies are a wonderful subject to capture, but require skill and patience taking a good photo.
Flaws to avoid with baby photography
1. Their huge eyes are even more important than with adult people. Try to get those eyes sharp. Avoid red eyes by not using flash at all using lots of natural light when photographing by taking photos outdoors or nearby windows. You can try the red eye reduction function on your camera. If that doesn’t work well or not at all, an imaging tool on your computer is a rescue. 2. Babies are quite unpredictable in their behaviour and motion blur can spoil the party. 3. Use a high iso speed, and a big aperture to freeze the moments. And take a lot of photos to choose the best and sharpest ones. Just throw the mediocre and bad photos away. 4. The background should be kept simple. Not cluttered with chairs, commonly very colorfull baby toys, or other children running through the view. The surrounding is seldom important for a baby photo. Zoom in or get close. When using a wide angle lenses avoid distortion, unless you want to introduce that on purpose of course. Patterned or heavily colored clothing can distract from the baby’s face and eyes. 5. For the best photos, choose simple, light and solid-colored clothing. 6. Try to limit the range of colors on the photo. 7. A special moment is lost before you know it. Have your camera ready. 8. Remember that the sweet memory for you, and your relatives isn’t always interesting for outsiders. But with using oddities and extremes with photographing babies the photo may be very interesting for an even broader audience.
Some posibilities for oddities with baby photography are:
1. Leaving parts out of the image. Don’t show the whole baby, but for example only her legs, or only his hands. This will evoke the unconsious though: hey, where is the rest? On the other hand it will place all the focus on that part of the body, what viewer might have overlooked. 2. Not photographing the baby, but the colorful toys that make up the world of the baby. 3. Show the world not from the perspective of an adult, but of the baby. Never was conscious of perspective on the world. 4. Photograph the baby assuming a strange pose. 5. Capture the baby showing an adult facial expression or behaviour. Hey, that’s odd, that doesn’t match what a viewers think of a baby. 6. Use mirrors. More expiremental could be an exploring baby crawling a mirror on the ground. Of course, be carefull. Or even more extreme: rotating the resulting image. 7. Blurred backgrounds work really well with babies. Use a long lens with a big aparture, or blur the background afterwards with an imaging tool. It simplifies the surroundings. With young babies it even suggests the way they see the world. 8. Baby having fun in peculiar place. 9. Attributes. Even ordinary attributes can become very funny with a baby. Like a baby with big adult shoes, big sunglasses, or a funny shirt. You don’t have to go as far as Anne Geddes to make an interesting picture. 10. Try photographing from another angle. From above, from behind. 11. Do the opposite: don’t show the baby as a small creature, but as a giant. 12. Show motion blur in the background with a sharply captured baby running around. Remember that a sharp face and eyes are important for a striking image. This will not be quite easy, but some luck, or some help from photo editting software will help.
Baby photos to the extreme
Show the extremes:
1. The miniature proportions of the baby. The wonderful tiny feet, the tiny fingers. 2. This is emphasized by comparing it to the proportions of the hand of the father or mother. 3. Heavily dirty because of the food. 4. Show the formidable softness of the sheets of the baby 5. Capture the abundant emotions of the baby. Hapiness, huge distress. Silly to sad, grouchy to mischievous. 6. Don’t only get close. Get as very close as your lens will allow. Do an extreme close up.
This camera design is the oldest and simplest construction. The size is relatively large and heavy so it is less practical if used outdoors, often used in a photo studio.
The lens was in the front and groundglass in the rear. Groundglass, besides functioning as a view finder, also serves to put the movies. The film is used for sheet film, namely in the form of film sheets, which vary in size, ie, 10×12cm, 20×25cm.
In the middle part there are fittings made of cloth / paper called ‘below’, folded shape to allow the lens can be moved forwards and backwards in order to image sharpness settings. ‘Below’ connects with groundglass lens, flexible and light resistant.
The advantage of the camera type view camera is a photo-generated images are large and sharp image. This camera is more widely used for the needs of photographers advertising (billboard picture). The famous brand on the type of camera is ‘Lonhof’ and ‘Sinar’
2. Range Finder Camera (RF Camera)
Cameras of this type often we meet. Can be called a compact camera because small and lightweight, easy to carry everywhere. In general, this type of camera have a viewfinder and the lens is attached to die. The advantage of this type of camera is a practical shape due to its small and lightweight so easy to carry anywhere, the price is relatively cheaper. However, its use is limited in making my close range. This type of camera brand Olympus, Canon, Kodak, Fujica, and Konika.
3. Reflex Camera
This camera type is divided into two types, namely :
A. Twin Lens Reflex Camera (TLR)
The lens has a twin in which one lens serves as a viewfinder. This camera is a combination of view camera and rangefinder camera, where the two lenses can be replaceable.
B. Single Lens Reflex Camera (SLR)
In single lens reflex type there is a prism to forward the image perceived. In this type of single lens can be said to what is seen in the observation of what later became the picture.
In single-lens reflex, replacement lenses easier to see more clearly the composition, arranging and setting accurate focus more light through the lens is more appropriate.
With the advantage of single lens reflex is currently more widely used by professional photographers as well as journalism. Some brands of this type of camera is a Nikon, Canon, Pentax, Olympus, Sony, etc..
The difference between the two types of reflex cameras are located on the targeting system.
4. Polaroid Camera
These cameras often do we find at tourist attractions because of Polaroid cameras can produce images directly without passing through the negative and positive. Polaroid camera uses a special film in the form of photo paper that contains chemicals. This type of film called instant film.
Disadvantages of this Polaroid camera is the result images can not be reprinted because there was no film negatives, and resistance to its picture was not as good as the films usually.
Black and White Photography – in-camera vs post-processing | Digital Photography Tutorial
Digital cameras often give you a choice of shooting in black and white or in colour. At one time, this choice was dictated by the film you loaded into your camera, meaning that you would have to shoot a whole roll of film before you could switch. With digital, you can quickly switch between black and white photography and colour photography simply by selecting the relevant option as and when appropriate.
However, before you jump in and select that black and white photography mode on your camera gives some consideration to what this will actually acheive.
In-camera vs Post-Processing If you decide to produce black and white photos direct from your DSLR camera, you are conciously deciding that you are not interested in the colour aspects of the scene your are shooting. Is this correct? Are you sure that you will never want to see that image in full colour?
If you have any doubt that the image you are taking may look better in colour, don’t switch to black and white in-camera. Instead, shoot in colour and convert the image to black and white in post-processing.
While shooting directly in black and white has a benefit of instant feedback – you can see if the image works well as a black and white photograph, it is a fairly destructive process – you are discarding that colour information upfront and will not be able to recover it later.
However, if you shoot in colour and convert to black and white in post-processing, you not only retain a colour print for future use, but also have the ability to convert it to black and white with your own preferences, not the camera’s choices. This means you have more control over the curves and levels and can make minute adjustments as required that may not be possible with a black and white image.
Choosing DSLR Lens Guide – In the last article we talked about the type of DSLR lenses on the market, and it could be the beginning to answer the following question: Which lens should I buy? Tutorialphotography.com In this article will discuss some of the factors for consideration when going choosing a DSLR lens. Each of the features below will be different in each lens.
Lens Speed The speed of the lens could be the subject of when you are looking for a new lens. Speed ??or how fast a lens is actually closely related to the maximum aperture is owned by the lens. Aperture is the size of the lens aperture when the shutter button is pressed (or how much light enters the camera). Aperture is denoted by F (f-stop).
you can read our article about the aperture at: Understanding Aperture in Photography. The smaller the number the bigger the hole, and there will be more light coming in at one time. This means the shutter speed becomes faster, the reason why the term ‘fast’ or ‘faster’
The magnitude of the maximum lens aperture can help you in several ways, among others:
Lens “fast” with a maximum aperture of f/1.4 allows you taking place relatively dark compared to lenses with a maximum aperture of f / 4 or f/5.6. It does not make a slower lens to be bad, but it deserves to be known. The lenses are “faster” allows you to retrieve the object motion and photograph without getting motion blur
Lens “fast” allows you to get a depth of field that is thinner / narrower. This means that when you focus on a subject in the foreground the background will be blurry or out of focus. It has a lens ‘fast’ of course means it is possible to focus a little more ‘tricky’, given the depth of field is used very thin / narrow. For example, when photographing portrait of a face with f/1.4 aperture and focus on the eyes, then most likely you will find the nose a little out of focus.
The lens ‘fast’ usually tend to be more expensive than other lenses slower. The lenses are more “fast” would be helpful in terms of flash photography in recording or taking ambient light
As a reference, the speed of the lens with the aperture of f / 4 is usually good for general purpose photography with good lighting conditions. f/5.6 requires good lighting or features image stabilization (IS / VR), if you shoot indoor without flash, then at least use a lens with f/2.8, and if you shoot indoor sports then at least use f/2.0 or even ‘faster ‘out of it.
Focal Length Focal length is the length of the lens you are using (the unit is the unit of measurement mm focal length of a lens). This measurement is the distance between the middle of the optical lens to the focal point on the camera sensor. What you should know is that the focal length of a lens inform you how much when shooting subjects will be enlarged. Focal Length also inform the angle of view that you can.
Distance Focus This is the measurement between the end of the lens with the closest point focus capability. This is useful when shooting in macro or close-up photography, considering the type of photography requires a very close distance to the object image.
Image Stabilization Most DSLR lenses is now equipped with image stabilization (IS known as the canon, and the Nikon lens known as VR). This feature is useful for minimizing vibration or shaking the camera (Camera Shake).
Camera Shake is a movement that occurs when the shutter is open. This incident had a greater impact on the photos when we use slow speed, do not use a tripod and use a lens with a longer focal length.
Each lens and camera has different types of IS, but most DSLR lenses to feature contains gyro sensor that is able to correct any camera shake. We also do not really understand the mechanism of this IS but certainly all Canon or Nikon lenses that have this feature allows us to take pictures with just holding the camera (without a tripod) and a slower shutter speed.
IS helps photographers reduce camera shake at low light levels, but still it does not freeze (freeze) the subject is moving. Basically IS allows us to take photos at lower shutter speed which the camera aperture open a little longer, but if the subject of the photo you mean move will lead to more blur.
IS features mean additional cost on a lens, so you need a consideration of whether the activity of shooting with lenses that require this feature or not. example: whether you are shooting in low light conditions by using a long focal length without a tripod?
Materials and Quality Lenses The lens has a lot of variety in terms of quality of materials and construction. you can tell by holding the two lenses of different lenses and feel its weight. For example, the Canon 50mm lens (f/1.4 and f/1.8), there is a striking difference in the two lenses is related to the weight and materials used. 50mm f/1.8 lens has a dominant material with plastic than 50mm f/1.4 lens.
Most lens manufacturers have different levels of lens. For example, at the level of Canon’s existing lens series called ‘L-Series’. you can easily recognize it from a circular red ring on the lens body. L-Series lenses are designed with luxury and quality reserved for professionals, and using glass optical elements as well as high quality. These lenses are generally heavy, quite ‘fast’, the focus is fast and can produce pictures of remarkable.
Review the above does not mean that this lens is perfect for everyone. consideration of the budget for a photographer and trust also play many other lenses that can produce good photographs.
Cost (Budget) Considerations in buying lenses when going to upgrade is the cost. Most people did agree that “we get what we pay”, and we prefer to upgrade the lens than the camera body to replace (depending on conditions). A little wary of the ‘kit lens’ built-camera guys. In many circumstances these lenses are good, but we think it would be better if we buy only the camera body and then choose a better lens than the kit.
Brand a lot of arguments surrounding the use of lenses that to produce good photographs we have to stick with the same brand lens with the camera, as opposed to using a cheaper lens like Sigma, Thamron and others. according to us for the first time try to find the same brand lens and if you do not find it then try a third party lens. Experience shows that all of the manufacturers or brand lenses have good and bad lenses on the market. Do research on the lenses before buying. There are many websites and forums that provide a review and comparison.
Know Diagonal Line in Photography – Diagonal line in general can play a role both in guiding the eyes of the audience photograph. The lines can create a Point of Interest as they intersect with another line and give depth images through a perspective. The lines could also add a sense of action on an image and a dynamic view. you deserve to consider how when to use diagonal lines to lead the eye to an audience of photo subjects or Point of Interest.
Results from a The studies on how one looks at the picture reveals that most of them will naturally see the picture from left to right, so a diagonal line that starts from the lower left side and moving to the right over the picture can really help your picture composition.
you certainly do not want to break or divide your picture into two parts by using a rigid diagonal line from the bottom corner to the top corner, it would be much better if you use a pattern or curve between the forms that exist in the frame.
Draw a diagonal line is ‘off center’ or not centered in the middle and headed down the other side of the corner rather than using a diagonal line that starts from the left corner toward the upper right corner.
Keep in mind that the group of diagonal lines that lead to different and opposite directions from one another can increase the ‘sense of action’ on your photos, but if you put too many diagonal lines can create chaos and confusion in the audience of our pictures.
Just as in the horizontal and vertical lines, diagonal lines that are repeated in a photograph can create an effective pattern and can be a focal point or a Point of Interest from the photo. Freshly plowed paddy fields or sand dune beach may be an example of the application of diagonal lines in photography.
Candid Photography, Taking Pictures Of Your Friend Without Their Attention
Candid photography is by definition taking pictures of people when they are unaware. Part of the fun in photography is catching your human subject’s off guard so that your pictures have more emotion. Photographers who work for magazines, like Time Life, have been able to get candid shots of their subjects. I think most of us can remember the black and white photographs of Africans and others giving rise to more emotion from the viewer. Taking candid shots may appear easy although there are few techniques in the photography world that will make the candid shot worth more than just a snap shot of friends.
First and of course most important is to keep the subject in view while they are not paying attention. The next step is training your eye to catch the moment. You have to be able to move fast, but with design. You need to have your camera set for the picture before you are even aware you will take the photograph. The best way to do this if you have a digital or automatic camera is to keep it on the proper setting. Manual cameras take moments to focus and can loose the candid shot if your subject becomes aware of you.
Candid photography relies on the light; however, you may not always get to choose the angle. The angle could be where you are standing at the time. As a photographer of candid photography, you know the importance of choosing the best angle at the right moment that is possible.
The entire point of candid photography is to gain the unguarded moments of a person’s emotions, whether it is tears, happiness, love, or other emotions. While it is true, you need to have light, angle, and a good camera to catch the shot it is more important to observe. Most photographers are trained observers. Their eyes will wander over the crowds, landscape, or other setting searching for the perfect shot. They will always have a camera ready. It can be extremely hard when you are taking photographs of your friends because they tend to be more involved in the conversations or activity.
The key to taking candid photographs of your friends is to draw them away from the fact that you carry a camera. If they forget you carry the tool, they are more likely going to act natural. Some friends tend to pose in front of the camera while others will shy away turning their backs when you get ready to take a photograph. Knowing your friends will help you find the best way to take candid shots without their knowledge.
Observing, having the camera ready, and understanding the basics of photography will yield you better results when you try for a candid shot. Posing or turning away from the camera will take away from the shot you hoped to attain so hanging to the side or a little ahead can get you the shot you may need. Profiles make great candid shots because the person will not realize you are taking a photograph until you have already clicked the button. Candid photography can be one of the most rewarding arts of photography, but also vexing when the subject is aware of the camera. Always remember the camera when going out with friends.
1. You will need the help of a ‘director’ to ensure all views and faces facing camera, to wanting a family portrait photo of the ‘traditional’. Working with a group of people can amount to quite a lot of little charge. Be patient and be slightly firm will help you control everything. Once they are ready to pose, do not be afraid to take pictures in “burst-shot” just to make sure there is at least one frame where all the cameras are watching you. Eye contact is not an absolute thing, and sometimes some images that lack of eye contact can be present atmosphere more relaxed and intrigued, so rather than forcing them to always look toward the camera better direct them to look into some different directions.
2. Family portrait ‘traditional’ does not always attract the attention of all people, be a creative photographer, form them so they can unite pleasure, happiness and personality characteristics into a single frame. The first step is to put them in a situation calm and take some pictures in a comfortable and familiar. Unconsciously they will adapt and be much help shape the character and narrative in a portrait.
3. Lighting is an important element in the world of photography. If you are in the room and had to take a picture there and not be able to facilitate the use of expensive lighting, then use an inexpensive light source is the sun. Position the subject groups or families facing parallel to the large windows and has a clear glass, if the conditions at the time it was a sunny day then try to cover it with a thin fabric, such as net curtains or large piece of white cloth to soften the light on the subject, this will serve as difusser or soft box on your lighting. If you later decide to use a flash indoors, then consider using a diffuser to avoid shiny skin or texture of the face that would seem flat.
4. Believe it or not, you can let your imagination to work when doing activities with shooting family photography outdoors (outdoor). Always remember your light source, the sun can cause unpleasant facial shadows. You will get the creative silhouette when the sunlight hits the back or the subject of the photo or you can add fill-flash photography techniques to revive facial detail and produce a light ring around the subject, separating them from the background.
5. Always avoid the light coming from behind you if you do not want to produce an image model with weird puckered expression, rather than doing it, try to take a moment to look around the surrounding circumstances, is there something you can offer shade in a photo shoot? whether it’s a patio, umbrella, or even a white cloth tied over their heads.
6. This might sound strange, you might be able to incorporate other elements to create the impression of the overall binding members together, only to deliver the message “Yes, we are a happy family.” These elements can be match colors clothing, props or even a shooting spot. If you want to generate an image with the traditional style and relaxed, ask them to wear clothes natural shades and pastel colors.
7. Confused whether to take a family photo with sitting or standing? Experiment by placing half of them sit down and rest up. By dividing the group in different eye-level, people who saw the photos will automatically be offered a more dynamic image for forcing their eyes to roam in the entire picture frame. Not only that, it will further highlight the personality of a child in the picture, for example: A chair in family groups will not only be used for sitting, but can a child stand on it, crawl under it or above it several small children simultaneously.
8. Wide-Angle lens will usually be very ideal to capture the whole family is ‘traditional’, if you want to take a more relaxed candid images, then use the zoom lens to replace the wide-angle lens with a back-drop as well as portraits.
9. Forget the photos lining the head must have been boring, try and find the original fixed-angle angle inspirational. Climb up the stairs or climb on a chair and take what is below you. Definitely would be fun if you have a large family or group that you want a creative photograph possible. You can also try or experiment with taking pictures from below. Get down or face down on the floor and started taking pictures of the crowd, maybe even take away from an oblique angle could be an interesting angle options.
10. Have fun, Spread enthusiasm and ask them to run, jump, spin and dance, play-wrestling, laugh! for them to do activities remote from the formal and stiff. Combining motion picture into a family portrait or a group will give you a sense of interest and directly provide a relaxed feeling to the subject of the photo as well as others. To capture or record the movement of action (motion) is shooting with shutter speed (shutter) 1/125 to 1/500, you may have to raise the ISO settings in low light indoors or use a flash if needed. You might try an alternative merger and reflect connotation creations blur the movement by using the speed of 1/8 to 1/15. Use Continuous AF mode if your camera supports it, and follow their movements to produce images of the subject that is sharp.