History of photography you must know
History of photography, comes from the Greek words “photos”: Light, and “Grafos”: Painting / writing. The general term, photography means the method / way to produce a photograph of an object / subject from the reflection of light on the object / subject recorded on light-sensitive media. This medium for capturing light is called a camera.
So photography is the process of painting / writing using camera media by utilizing a light source.
The history of photography quoted by Aviani Rahmawati in The History of Photography by Nature Daveport, published by the University of New Mexico Press in 1991, states that in the 5th century BC, a man named Mo Ti had observed a symptom in walls in a dark room have a small hole (pinhole), then the inside of the room will be reflected by views outside the room that are visible upside down through the hole. Mo Ti was the first to realize the phenomenon of camera obscura.
In the 3rd century BC then this phenomenon gave admiration to Aristotle, then in the 10th century BC a scientist of the Arab nation namely Ibn Al Hatim (AI Hazem) who at that time was a student observing and then writing that images could be formed from light that passes through a small hole. In 1558, an Italian scientist, Giambattista della Porta mentioned that a camera obscura in a city helped painters capture images (Bachtiar: 10). According to Szarkowski in Hartoyo stated that the name of the camera obscura was created in 1611 by Johannes Keppler2.