Types of Cameras You Must Know
1. View Camera
This camera design is the oldest and simplest construction. The size is relatively large and heavy so it is less practical if used outdoors, often used in a photo studio.
The lens was in the front and groundglass in the rear. Groundglass, besides functioning as a view finder, also serves to put the movies. The film is used for sheet film, namely in the form of film sheets, which vary in size, ie, 10×12cm, 20×25cm.
In the middle part there are fittings made of cloth / paper called ‘below’, folded shape to allow the lens can be moved forwards and backwards in order to image sharpness settings. ‘Below’ connects with groundglass lens, flexible and light resistant.
The advantage of the camera type view camera is a photo-generated images are large and sharp image. This camera is more widely used for the needs of photographers advertising (billboard picture). The famous brand on the type of camera is ‘Lonhof’ and ‘Sinar’
2. Range Finder Camera (RF Camera)
Cameras of this type often we meet. Can be called a compact camera because small and lightweight, easy to carry everywhere. In general, this type of camera have a viewfinder and the lens is attached to die.
The advantage of this type of camera is a practical shape due to its small and lightweight so easy to carry anywhere, the price is relatively cheaper. However, its use is limited in making my close range. This type of camera brand Olympus, Canon, Kodak, Fujica, and Konika.
3. Reflex Camera
This camera type is divided into two types, namely :
A. Twin Lens Reflex Camera (TLR)
The lens has a twin in which one lens serves as a viewfinder. This camera is a combination of view camera and rangefinder camera, where the two lenses can be replaceable.
B. Single Lens Reflex Camera (SLR)
In single lens reflex type there is a prism to forward the image perceived. In this type of single lens can be said to what is seen in the observation of what later became the picture.
In single-lens reflex, replacement lenses easier to see more clearly the composition, arranging and setting accurate focus more light through the lens is more appropriate.
With the advantage of single lens reflex is currently more widely used by professional photographers as well as journalism. Some brands of this type of camera is a Nikon, Canon, Pentax, Olympus, Sony, etc..
The difference between the two types of reflex cameras are located on the targeting system.
4. Polaroid Camera
These cameras often do we find at tourist attractions because of Polaroid cameras can produce images directly without passing through the negative and positive. Polaroid camera uses a special film in the form of photo paper that contains chemicals. This type of film called instant film.
Disadvantages of this Polaroid camera is the result images can not be reprinted because there was no film negatives, and resistance to its picture was not as good as the films usually.